Charles Taze Russell
Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, Inc.; Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc.; International Bible Students Association (IBSA)
Charles Taze Russell (1852-1916)
Don A. Adams (1925?-), president
Pittsburgh, PA (USA)
Brooklyn, NY USA
Watchtower Bible School of Gilead
include The Bible (New World Translation), What Does the Bible Really Teach?, Should You Believe in the Trinity?, Mankind’s Search for God, Is There a Creator Who Cares About You?
The Watchtower, Awake!, Our Kingdom Ministry
The Witnesses have been called "apostles of denial" because of their rejection or distortion of nearly every significant Christian doctrine. One of their principal differences with orthodox Christianity is their adamant denial of the Trinity, and specifically, their insistence that Jesus was a created being. They identify with Arius, the 4th century presbyter from Alexandria, who promoted this view in the early church. This led to the Council of Nicea (AD 325) and the formulation of the Nicene Creed, one of the doctrinal summaries accepted by virtually all Christians.
Among numerous points of conflict are the Watchtower Society’s repeated attempts to foretell the end of the world (e.g., 1914, 1918, 1925, 1975) and their requirement that adherents reject blood transfusions, even at the cost of their lives.
8.2 million ("publishers"), 19.8 million (annual Memorial attendance) as of 2015
The Watchtower operates, in some form, in nearly every country in the world—including nations and territories where it is formally banned.
Albania, American Samoa, Andorra, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Azores, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo (Democratic Republic), Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Finland, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Montserrat, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevis, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Island, Norway, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saba, Saint Eustatius, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts, Saint Lucia, Saint Maarten, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Vincent, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands, Wallis and Futuna, Zambia, Zimbabwe
include Abkhaz, Acholi, Adyghe, Afrikaans, Albanian, Altai, American Sign Language, Amharic, Amis, Arabic, Armenian, Armenian (West), Assamese, Assyrian, Ateso, Avar, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Azerbaijani (Cyrillic), Bambara, Baoule, Bari, Bashkir, Bassa (Cameroon), Bengali, Bété, Bicol, Bislama, Boulou, Braille, Brazilian Sign Language, Bulgarian, Buryat, Cambodian, Cebuano, Chamorro, Chechen, Chichewa, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Chitonga, Chuabo, Chuukese, Chuvash, Cibemba, Colombian Sign Language, Croatian, Czech, Dangme, Danish, Dargwa, Digor, Dinka, Douala, Dutch, Edo, Efik, English, Erzya, Estonian, Ewe, Faeroese, Fijian, Finnish, Fon, French, Fulfulde (Cameroon), Futunian, Ga, Gbaya, Georgian, German, Gilbertese, Greek, Greenlandic, Guarani, Guaymi (Atlantic), Guaymi (Pacific), Gujarati, Gun, Haitian Creole, Hakha Chin, Hausa, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hmong, Huave, Hungarian, Iban, Icelandic, Igala, Igbo, Iloko, Indonesian, Ingush, Irish, Isoko, Italian, Japanese, Japanese Sign Language, Jula, Kabardin-Cherkess, Kabiye, Kabyle, Kachin, Kalanga, Kalenjin, Kalmyk, Kannada, Kaonde, Karachay-Balkar, Kayin (Sgaw), Kazakh, Khakass, Khasi, Khoekhoegowab, Kikamba, Kikongo, Kikuyu, Kiluba, Kimbundu, Kinande, Kinyarwanda, Kipende, Kirghiz, Kirundi, Kisonge, Komi, Kongo, Konkani (Devanagari), Konkani (Kannada), Konkani (Roman), Korean, Kosraean, Kuki, Kumyk, Kuna, Kurdish (Arabic), Kurdish (Cyrillic), Kurdish (Roman), Kwangali, Kwanyama, Kwara’ae, Lahu, Lak, Laotian, Latvian, Lezgian, Lhukonzo, Lifu, Lingala, Lisu, Lithuanian, Lomongo, Lomwe, Luchazi, Luganda, Lugbara , Lunda, Luo, Luvale, Macedonian, Macua, Mahorian (Arabic), Mahorian (Roman), Malagasy, Malayalam, Maltese, Manipuri, Maori, Marathi, Mare, Mari, Marshallese, Mashi, Mauritian Creole, Maya, Mazatec, Medumba, Miskito, Mixe, Mizo, Moksha, Mongolian, Moore, Moru, Motu, Moundang, Myanmar, Nahuatl (Northern Puebla), Nauruan, Navajo, Ndau, Ndonga, Nepali, Ngambaye, Nias, Nicobarese, Niuean, Norwegian, Nuer, Nyaneka, Nzema, Oriya, Oromo, Ossetian, Otetela, Palauan, Pangasinan, Papiamento (Aruba), Papiamento (Curaçao), Persian, Polish, Ponapean, Portuguese, Punjabi, Punjabi (Nastaliq), Quechua (Ancash), Quechua (Ayacucho), Quechua (Bolivia), Quechua (Cuzco), Quichua, Rarotongan, Réunion Creole, Romanian, Romansh (Ladin), Romansh (Sursilvan), Rotuman, Roviana, Runyankore, Russian, Russian Sign Language, Rutoro, Sakalava, Samar-Leyte, Samoan, Sango, Sena, Sepedi, Serbian (Cyrillic), Serbian (Roman), Sesotho, Seychelles Creole, Shona, Silozi, Sindhi, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Solomon Islands Pidgin, Spanish, Sranantongo, Swahili, Swahili (Congo), Swedish, Tabasaran, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tajiki, Tamil, Tangkhul, Tankarana, Tatar, Telugu, Tetum, Thai, Tigrinya, Tiv, Toabaite, Tokelauan, Tok Pisin, Tongan, Totonac, Tshiluba, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvaluan, Tuvinian, Twi, Tzotzil, Udmurt, Uighur (Cyrillic), Ukrainian, Umbundu, Urdu, Urhobo, Uruund, Uzbek, Venda, Vezo, Vietnamese, Wallisian, Wayuunaiki, Welsh, Wolaita, Wolof, Xhosa, Xitshwa, Yakutsk, Yao, Yapese, Yoruba, Zande, Zapotec (Isthmus), Zotung, Zulu