New Apostolic Church
New Apostolic Church
Neuapostolische Kirche, NAK, Eglise néo apostolique, Iglesia Nueva Apostólica
Friedrich Krebs (1832-1905)
Wilhelm Leber (1947-), the "Stammapostel" (Chief Apostle)
Verlag Friedrich Bischoff GmbH (Friedrich Bischoff Publishers), Pillar Youth
include the Bible (with Apocrypha), Questions and Answers (a catechism)
Our Family, Unsere Familie, Our World, Spirit, Word of Life, African Joy
Despite its affirmation of the traditional Apostles’ Creed, the NAK maintains an assortment of unorthodox beliefs. It emphasizes living apostles (dozens at a time), affirming that "those baptised with water must receive the Holy Spirit through an apostle, to obtain the childhood in God, whereby they become incorporated as members in the body of Christ." In the NAK’s "doctrine of Service for the Departed" it is said that "the sacraments of the church are dispensed to living proxies for the blessing and benefit of the departed" (an especially attractive belief in cultures that traditionally practice the veneration of ancestors).
include the failure of an official prophecy claiming that Friedrich Bischoff (the church’s third Chief Apostle, who died in 1960) would live until Christ’s return, as well as accusations of collusion with the Nazi regime during WWII.
The NAK has a somewhat secretive quality, evidently to elude the kinds of well-publicized controversies common to other large new religious movements. Nevertheless, its history has been marked by significant schisms in Europe and Africa. The NAK should not be confused with "Oneness" (anti-Trinitarian) apostolics or the "new apostolic" movement among charismatics.
The church’s official web site states that "Africa is home to nearly 80 percent of all New Apostolic Christians and more than half of all the apostles of the New Apostolic Church." It is also strong in German-speaking countries.
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo (Democratic Republic), Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Finland, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Grenada, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea, Equatorial, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Island, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, South Sudan, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
include Afrikaans, Bemba, Chichewa, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Kaonde, Kiswahili, Lozi, Luganda, Lunda, Luvale, Malagasy, Ndebele, Tonga, Portuguese, Russian, Shona, Spanish, Tumbuka, Xhosa